6 December 2023

Drones give Leeton firefighters a surprising new perspective on silo fires

| Chris Roe
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Thermal imaging cameras on drones provided Leeton firefighters with a unique perspective on a recent silo fire.

Thermal imaging cameras on drones provided Leeton firefighters with a unique perspective on a recent silo fire. Photo: Supplied.

Firefighters battling a blaze in a grain silo at Leeton last week have discovered a new use for their remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS), or drones, that is expected to significantly reduce the length of emergency operations.

Silo fires have the potential to burn for days and pose a risk of explosion and collapse, but it’s hoped that the thermal imaging cameras on the drones will help control future fires.

Fire and Rescue NSW (FRNSW) crews were called to manage a smouldering, slow-burning fire that broke out in a silo containing 600 tonnes of field peas on 24 November.

Watching the low levels of smoke issuing from the top of the silo, firefighters hatched a plan to relieve pressure from the silo by using ground-level inspection panels to drain the grain into adjacent augers.

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As they covered the silo with protective hose lines, the crews dispatched an RPAS to peer through the silo’s roof hatch and determined there was minimal pressure present.

The crews quickly discovered over several flights that the RPAS’s thermal imaging camera was detecting a lowering heat signature from the silo, indicating the fire level was dropping and the silo was cooling as the grain was released.

The camera images provided the firefighters with unexpected real-time intelligence about the state of the blaze, signatures not picked up by their handheld thermal devices.

The data also gave the first responders accurate temperature readings and an approximate level of grain left in the silo.

FRNSW Duty Commander Matthew Hunter said the discovery had terrific potential to speed up the emergency response to future silo fires.

“When boxed up in a silo, these fires generate a lot of heat, but they’re starved of oxygen,” Inspector Hunter said.

“As soon as you introduce oxygen to the silos, they can actually explode,” he explained.

“We were reviewing and comparing the footage from the RPAS when we noticed there were a number of rings on the side of the silo and could see the heat signatures, captured on the video, dropping.

“We realised that was the actual grain level and it gave us a really good indicator of how fast the grain was draining, so we could manage the flow without causing the silo to collapse.

“It was picking up the sinking temperature inside the steel structure.”

The Leeton crew is preparing to share this newfound capability with their firefighting colleagues across the nation.

“The technology gives us greater situational awareness,” Inspector Hunter said. “In this case, it turned an incident that could have lasted days into a one-day response.”

FRNSW’s RPAS fleet is also used for fire and disaster intelligence, damage assessments, searches for missing people, hazard reduction burns, fire zone measurement and was even utilised to scan for large debris, swept into cane fields after last year’s Northern Rivers floods.

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